يمكنك اغلاق الاعلان خلال 10 ثواني




Stock is a shareholding certificate used to document their ownership rights in a joint stock company. [1] Shares are defined as a share that follows the investor and form part of the entity's capital. [2] Other share tariffs are part of the value of the enterprise or company and can be invested [3] Definition Bonds are a written contract that contains a pledge to pay a certain amount of money on a certain date or when a condition is met, and all loan agreements and contracts are bonds, [4] and the bonds are defined as amounts Borrowed by governments or enterprises, and pledged to repay them with the addition of p (5) of other definitions of bonds are sealed instruments; they are guarantees under which an individual, government or institution pays a specified amount of money. [6] Stock characteristics There are several characteristics that distinguish shares from other securities, and Information on the characteristics of the two main types of shares are: Characteristics of ordinary shares, including the following: [7] These shares constitute ownership in the enterprise, each representing one share symbolized by a percentage; ie, if the entity issued 1000 shares, , Then he is deemed to have acquired 10% of the ownership of the enterprise. The right to vote is a key feature of stocks. Its application depends on the role of shareholders in voting for the selection of the management body responsible for the business. It also provides the right for shareholders to present their views on the transactions of acquisition and merger between companies. Value of shares: an undefined value that may rise or fall until it reaches zero; Payment of profits: An important feature of these shares; companies pay dividends to shareholders representing their share of profits earned. The characteristics of the preferred shares include the following: [8] This type of stock has cumulative or non-accrual earnings, but most of it is characterized by a cumulative profit; that is, profits paid by the company to shareholders accumulate and must be paid before paying dividends for ordinary shares. This type of stock does not give the right to vote because its shareholders have a preference for companies. Therefore, they are only allowed to vote during certain circumstances, such as the delay in the distribution of accumulated profits for a period of two years. Most preferred shares have a nominal value, and their distribution rights are usually determined by their nominal value. Bond Characteristics Bonds are characterized by many characteristics, the most important of which are: [9] is a commitment to the issuer, so the holders of bonds are creditors for this entity. The bond holder will receive returns consisting of a periodic interest rate, whether quarterly, semi-annual or annual, by relying on the nominal value of the bond, and a capital return will be obtained from the difference between the value of the purchase and the value of the sale in the market. The owner of the bond will benefit in all cases without interest in the company's profits. Each bond has a special maturity date and must be repaid during that date. The owner of the bond shall receive full rights upon liquidation of the company and before the shareholders in the shares. Types of Stocks There are many types of stocks, but mostly two main types are used: [10] Ordinary shares are the most common among stocks. All types of shares. When talking about shares, this type is referred to. The majority of shares issued by companies are ordinary shares and offer high returns compared to other types of securities. Preferred shares are shares that represent a certain part of the ownership of the enterprise and are based on a fixed and fixed amount of profits. This is one of the characteristics that distinguishes them from ordinary shares. Types of bonds A bond is a group of species and is classified according to certain criteria, including: [9] Bonds according to the type of collateral, divided into two types: Secured bonds: These are bonds that guarantee assets such as land and real estate. When the company is liquidated or not paid for its obligations, Disposition of these assets in order to obtain their rights.